KHAMMAM DISTRICT PROFILE KHAMMAM IS SPREAD OVER AN

Download Khammam is spread over an area of 15,81,000 ha with nearly 48% of the area ... The district has a total population of 25,78,927 of which SC...

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Khammam District Profile Khammam is spread over an area of 15,81,000 ha with nearly 48% of the area under forests, highest among the 8 NAIP districts. While gross cropped area is 4,79,000 ha, the net sown area is 28.5% of the total geographical area. The cropping intensity is 109% and about 8% of the area is under non-agricultural uses while permanent pastures constitute 2.5%. The district has a total population of 25,78,927 of which SC population is 4,26,692 (16.6%) and ST population is 6,82,617 (26.5%). Among the NAIP districts Khammam has the highest number of tribals. Rural literacy is just over 51% and work participation rate is 52.5% while 72% of the workers are engaged in agricultural activities, cultivators represent 22.9%. The district has the highest grazing pressure (17.7 ACU/ha grazing area) among the NAIP districts. Cattle and buffaloes are almost equal in number with 1,23,374 small ruminants.

The district receives 1096 mm rainfall annually and is relatively less droughtprone. Irrigated area in the district accounts for 39%. Rice has maintained its share in the cropping and accounts for over 37%. While cotton has gained since 1995, crops like greengram and sorghum have lost the area. The productivity of cotton (359 kg/ha) during TE-2005 is more than the state average. The productivity of rice (2523 kg/ha) however is less than the state average. Khammam has the largest area under horticulture crops next only to Nalgonda and Anantapur (2005-06). The district has seen an increase of over 10,000 ha under horticulture crops since 2000-01. Area under vegetables and spices has increased marginally during this period. The district had the highest per capita income (Rs. 26360) among the NAIP districts, much above the state average. The annual growth of agricultural lending between 1995 and 2005 showed an increase of an impressive 43% highest next only to Adilabad. The district has 15 APMCs representing 3.6 per lakh ha of Net Sown Area.

Tummalacheruvu Cluster Profile 1

General Information

1.1

Name of the cluster (give the name of the main village on which you want the cluster name to be printed)

TUMMALA CHERUVU

1.2

Names of the villages/hamlets/ thandas

Tummalacheruvu, Bandla Pullaiah Gumpu, Kurvapalli Kotturu, Koremvari Gumpu, Rama Varam, Mamillavai, Venkatapuram And Bheema Varam

1.3

Name of the mandal and district

Aswapuram Mandal Khammam District

1.4

Distance from mandal headquarters 15 km from Mandal Head quarters and district Hqtrs (kms). ASWAPURAM 120 km from District Head quarters Khammam

1.5

How to reach (give the route, mode of travel and time taken) (draw a brief sketch if possible)

All the buses from Bhadrachalam and Khammam, that go towards Manuguru goes through Mondikunta junction. Mondikunta is about 35 km from Bhadrachalam town. Tummalacheruvu is located at about 5 km from Mondikunta and connected by a kacha road. A sketch showing route and location of different villages is enclosed.

2.

Land Use Statistics

2.1

Total geographical area of the cluster (ha.)

6935.7 ha in total including the buildings roads, tanks, forest area, hillocks, reserve forest etc.

2.2

Cultivable area (ha. and % of total)

978.4 ha (this includes patta, assignment and podu lands)

2.3

Area under irrigation (ha. and %)

Kharif: 73.8 ha , 7.54 % Rabi: Nil

2.4

Rain fed area (ha. and %)

Kharif: 904.6 ha, 92.46% (175.6 ha rain-fed paddy and 729 ha dry land crops like Cotton) Rabi: Nil

2.5

Fallow land (ha. and %)

59.7 ha (6.1% to the total area). But, due to lack fi i l

of inputs or continuous water supply some patchesare left un-cultivated during Kharif 2007 2.6

Degraded and wastelands (ha. and %)

Nil

2.7

Area under forests (ha. and %)

Total forest area and hillocks: Around 5700 ha Reserve forest: 284.8 ha (4.1 % of total area) Forest under CFM: 900 ha (3 CFM groups)

2.8

Others (specify)

People of other castes are taking the lands for lease and cultivating cotton on large scale by giving the tribal all the inputs. Taking them as role models, the dry land cultivators are cultivating cotton on large scale and getting entrapped in to the vicious circle of loans, by various private money lenders, who collect back loans on weekly basis.

3.

Population Statistics

3.1

Total population

2637 ( ST-2251+ SC-101+ BC-180+OC-105)

Male

1305 (including 370 boys of age between 0-14)

Female

1332 (including 423 girls of age between 0-14)

3.2

Population of scheduled castes (No. and %)

101 (including Children), 3.8%

3.3

Population of scheduled tribes (No. and %)

2251 (including Children), 85.36%

3.4

Population of other communities (No. and %)

BC – 180, 6.8% and OC – 105, 4%

3.5

Total number of households (No.)

629 (ST-531, SC – 27, BC – 42 and OC– 29)

3.6

Women-led households (No. and % 48, 7.6% of total)

3.7

No. of BPL households

4.

Land Holding Patterns/ Occupation

4.1

Marginal farmers (No. and % of total) (Farmers having less than 1 ha land)

Most of the households are in BPL category.

186, 36.8%

4.2

Small farmers (No. and % of total) (Farmers having 1 to 2 ha land)

184, 36.4%

4.3

Medium farmers (No. and % of total) (Farmers having 2 to 4 ha land)

111, 22%

4.4

Large farmers (No. and % of total) (Farmers having more than 4 ha land)

24, 4.75%

4.5

Total farming households (No.)

508

4.6

Landless Households

122

4.7

Agricultural labours (No.)

Landless people and households having little land go for labour work in agriculture in neighboring villages

4.8

Village artisans (No.)

2

4.9

Educated unemployed/under employed youth (No.)

There are 304 boys having age above 14 years and 336 girls having age above 14 years in the cluster. Very few of them are currently studying and most of them are involved in agriculture.

4.10

Petty traders

4 ( 2 members having land)

5.

Area Under Crops/Horticulture (ha.)

(Data collected for Kharif 2007)

5.1

Crop 1 - Paddy

137.1 ha. (Irrigated: 63.8 ha, Rainfed: 73.3)

5.2

Crop 2 – Cotton

609.2 ha

5.3

Crop 3 – Cotton + Red gram (Intercropping)

111.2 ha

5.4

Crop 4 – Cotton +Eucalyptus (Intercropping)

51.2 ha

5.5

Crop 5 - Tomato

7.6 ha

5.6

Crop 6 - Chillies

2.4 ha

Total

918.7 ha

Main Cropping Systems

Kharif

Rabi

Summer

Paddy

Nil

Nil

6.

Cotton + red gram

Nil

Nil

Cotton +Eucalyptus

Nil

Nil

Tomato

Nil

Nil

Chillies

Nil

Nil

7.

Cropping Intensity (%)

93.89

8.

Soil Types

8.1

Black soils

In low lands (Details of % to be collected)

8.2

Red soils

Sandy, with stones and small pebbles in upland areas

8.3

Others (specify)

---

9.

Source of Irrigation

9.1

Open wells (No. and % of total cultivable area)

76, 12 wells are occasionally used to give life saving irrigation to about 31 ha (3.1%) using diesel pump-sets

9.2

Tube wells (No. and % of total cultivable area)

17, presently not used for irrigation due to unavailability of electricity connections

9.3

Canals (% of total cultivable area)

Nil

9.4

Tanks (No. and % of total cultivable area)

2 Tanks - 42.8 ha, 4.4%

9.5

Others (specify)

---

10.

Farm Machinery

10.1

Tractors (No.)

Nil

10.2

Power tillers (No.)

Nil

10.3

Planters (No.)

Nil

10.4

Combined harvesters (No.)

Nil

10.5

Sprayers (No.)

36

10.6

Others (specify)

Indiscriminate use of pesticides is observed in cotton crop; ITC and Forest department as a part of VSS activity promote Plantation of eucalyptus in some parts of podu land.

11.

Livestock Population (No.)

11.1

Buffaloes

69

11.2

Cows/Bulls

496 cows and 487 bulls In most cases cows are also used for tilling the land, which are less costly

11.3

Sheep

110

11.4

Goats

444

11.5

Poultry

1941

11.6

Pigs

Nil

11.7

Others (specify)

Veterinary hospital is in Aswapuram

12.

Village Infrastructure (No.)

12.1

Schools

8 schools (including 2 high schools)

12.2

Drinking water supply

Safe drinking water schemes with over-head tanks and public taps are there in 6 villages

12.3

No. of telephones

Box coin phones 13

12.4

Mobile network service provider (BSNL/Airtel/Reliance etc).

Airtel BSNL

12.5

Grameena vidya vikas kendras

Nil

12.6

Anganwadi kendras

6 centres

12.7

Health center

In Aswapuram 15 km away

12.8

Farm input shops

In Aswapuram and Burgampad

12.9

Branch post office

At Mondikunta

12.10 Grameena bank

At Aswapuram

12.11 Bus connectivity (Yes/No)

No

12.12 Others (specify)

--

13.

Village Groups (No.)

13.1

DWACRA

44 groups, only for women having 440 members, 5 VOs (under IKP program) have been actively functioning

13.2

CMEY

Nil

13.3

RMGs

4, only for men farmers

13.4

CIGs

Nil

13.5

UGs

Nil

13.6

Others (specify)

---

14.

Other On-going Programmes (give a list of all other on-going programmes with its focus) Name of the programme

Focus area

Since when

14.1

Indiramma

Housing

March 2006

14.2

National Employment Guarantee Scheme

Road work, farm works April 2005

15.

Name and Contact Address of the Co-PI/Cluster Coordinator at the site (phone, email etc.)

R.V.Rama Mohan Project Coordinator (NRM program) and Co-PI Centre for World Solidarity, Secunderabad Andhra Pradesh Ph: +91 40 27018257, 27014300, 27007906, TeleFax: 27005243 Mobile: +91 9440194866 e-mail: [email protected], [email protected] D.Srinivasa Reddy Programme Officer (NAIP) [email protected] Mobile: +91-9963699805