The Perfect Tenses Review

The Perfect Tenses Review Present Perfect Tense--has or have +past participle ... • I have justfinished this exercise...

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The Perfect Tenses Review Present Perfect Tense--has or have + past participle •



Used to express an action which began in the past but which continues into the present • Karen has lived in Sylmar for three years. • Joe has worked at the college since he was twenty. • The Smiths have attended that church since 1992. An action completed recently • I have justfinished this exercise.

Past Perfect--had + past participle •

Used to express an action which was completed BEFORE another action in the past. • Jack hadfinished his homework before he went to the party. • Mr. Harris had taken several Spanish classes before he went to Spain. • Before he left the office, Bill had spoken to his supervisor.

Future Perfect Tense--will or shall + have + past participle

• Used to express an action which will be completed by a specified time in the future. The sentence must • • •

include a specific time (deadline) by which the action will be completed. Betty will have finished the project by 2 p.m. Jaime will have completed his degree by June 2011. By this time tomorrow Brandon will havepainted the house.

Base

Base+s

Past

Past Participle

work

works

worked

worked

carry write shake think teach bring smg freeze choose

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The Progressive Tenses Review Present Progressive--am/is/are •

Used to express an action that is occurring in the immediate present • I am eating an apple. • Sara is writing an essay. • The students are studying the grammar lesson.

Past Progressive--was/were •



+ V-ing

+ V-ing

U sed to express an action that occurred in the past over a period of time • Jerry was studying for his math test last night. • Last year I was living in Paris. Expresses an action in the past that was occurring when another action takes place • I was talking when Bob interrupted. • The students were studying the grammar lesson when the lights went out.

Future Progressive--will/shall

+ be + V-ing

• Used to express an action in the future which will occur over a period of time • •

Next year I will be living in France. Seth will befinishing his degree next semester.

-~-

Base

Base + s

Past

Past Participle

V-ing

eat

eats

ate

eaten

eating

admit forget drink lose fly write

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Nmne

_

Date

Negative Statements and Questions A. Please change the following positive statements into negative statements. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

One of the boys broke his leg. Carla knows Spanish. Jackie takes vitamins every day. Sylvia and her husband moved to Kansas. The students remembered to take the quiz.

B. Please change the following positive statements into negative statements. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Joe has written the report. The clerk will file the papers. The substitute teacher is taking attendance. Luther will have finished the paper by 2 p.m. today. The police officers are writing a report about the accident.

C. Please change the following statements into yes-no questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Bruno and Tomas arrange the furniture. Louis swept the garage. The custodian lost the keys. The department manager spends too much money. Mrs. Lopez begins the lesson.

D. Please change the following statements into yes-no questions.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

We will meet the new employees tomorrow. Dr. Prentiss is writing the prescription. The homeowner has put the house up for sale. Terrence can drive the children to the park. The players are giving an interview right now.

E. Please change the following statements into wh-questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The owner of the building sent a letter to his tenants last month. The victim ofthe accident testified at the trial yesterday. The new movie will open next week at a theater in Westwood. The angry protestors shouted loudly during the demonstration. Union representatives will attend every meeting at the college.

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Name

------------------------------

Date ----------------------

Active and Passive Voice 1 Change the following active voice sentences to the passive voice. 1.

Martha broke the computer.

2.

Geoff finished the project.

Active Voice

3.

Lupita typed the report last night.

NS Tom

4.

The students ate all the cookies.

5.

Sue gave the flowers to the patients.

6.

Terri will write several of the articles.

7.

Jill has sold all the houses recently.

8.

Bill will be changing the passwords this weekend.

9.

Jerry printed the document on his printer.

10.

Nancy has counseled each of the students this semester.

NS

=

Doer of action

Vt ate the chocolate

NDO cake.

NS/ The chocolate cake was eaten by Tom. (be) + past participle Passive Voice

NS

=

Receiver of action

Change the following passive voice sentences to the active voice. 1.

The applicants were hired by Mr. Lopez.

2.

Fred was given a certificate by the president. The computer was dropped on the floor.

Passive Voice

NS

=

Receiver of action

NS The copy machine was broken. (be) + past participle

4.

Sharon will be sent to the new Florida office.

5.

The books were arranged on the desk.

6.

The report has been prepared by Jill and Lupe.

7.

The forms are completed by the applicants.

8.

David's car was stolen last week from the parking lot.

NS Vt NDO A customer broke the copy machine. (simple past tense) Active Voice

I

9.

The printer will be repaired and cleaned tomorrow.

10.

This exercise was written by Susan.

NS = Doer of action

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Name

_

Date

_

Active and Passive Voice 2 Please change the following active sentences to the passive voice. 1.

The lawyer finished the presentation.

2.

Gemma lost the keys to the restroom.

Active Voice

,-------

3.

Lupe painted the classroom last month.

4.

Paul stole my sandwich yesterday.

5.

Steve will revise the report.

6.

All of the students wrote paragraphs.

7.

The real estate agent listed several houses in March.

8.

The teacher has graded the students'

NS = Doer of action

NS Vt Tom ate the chocolate

NDO cake.

NS/ The chocolate cake was eaten by Tom. (be) + past participle Passive Voice

NS = Receiver of action

essays.

Please change the following passive voice sentences to the active voice. If no doer is indicated, add one of your own. 1.

The ship was unloaded at the dock. Passive Voice

2.

These exercises were corrected by the teacher.

3.

The reports are checked carefully by the supervisor.

4.

Two of the customers were given free samples.

5.

The freeway will be smoothed and repaved.

= Receiver

of action

NS The copy machine was broken. ~e) + past participle

NS ~t. ~NDO A customer broke the copy machine. (simple past tense) Active Voice

-.....

NS

6.

Mr. Leandro's

7.

The cars have been washed and polished.

8.

Jeffs books were taken from his car.

9.

A lesson on the passive voice will be presented during class.

computer will be repaired next week.

..

NS

=

Doer of action

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Base

become begin blow break bring build choose do draw drink eat fly forget freeze get give go have hide know lay lie lose ride nng run see send shake

Base+s

becomes

Simple Past

became

Past Participle

become

V-jng

becoming

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Base

Base+s

Simple Past

Past Participle

Present Participle

shine sing sit speak spring steal SWIm

take teach tear tell throw wake wear wind write

I

36 Naxne

Dme

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Unit 3 Sample Quiz A Please circle the correct verb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

The owner of the three classic cars (is, are) working in the garage. The crate of antique statues and paintings (was, were) stolen from the museum. Mr. Silva (works, is working) in the office at this moment. Sal (has completed, had completed) the lessons days before he took the quiz. Maria (is fixing, fixed, was fixing) the clock when she fell offthe ladder. Mr. Chan (interviewed, has interviewed, had interviewed) Ms. Stevens yesterday. The manager (painted, had painted) the apartment weeks before he showed it to us. Lee (will train, will be training, will have trained) the clerk by tomorrow evening. Sam (attends, has attended, is attending) the college for two semesters now. Jose (broke, had broken, was breaking) his leg last weekend.

Please write the correct form of the verb in the blank. 11.

One of the customers

12.

By this time tomorrow Todd

13.

Ron

14.

Right this minute I

15.

Students in this class

16.

Please fill in the correct verbforms.

(jam) the copy machine yesterday. (write) his letter of resignation.

(buy) his girlfriend an engagement ring weeks before he proposed. (wrap) Sara's birthday gift. (study) grammar for six weeks now. (1 point each)

Base

Base+s

Simple Past

Past Participle

V-ing

eat

eats

ate

eaten

eating

lose fight begin fry steal prefer Please rewrite the following active voice sentences so that they become passive. 17.

The investigator always wears an orange vest at the scene of an accident.

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18.

Several of the new employees forgot the procedures yesterday.

These sentences have double negatives. Please revise them. 19.

The market didn't have none of my favorite kinds of ice cream.

20.

The applicant wasn't hardly finished filling out the application.

Use the word "not" to change these positive sentences into negative sentences. 21.

Roberto and Maria often forget to lock the front door.

22.

Mr. Perkins testified at the trial last Monday.

23.

Dr. Sanchez is referring her patient to a specialist.

Now turn these statements into questions. 24.

The famous writer discussed his new book in an interview on Channel 7.

25.

Javier sometimes forgets his wife's birthday.

Please identify the patterns for the following sentences. Also label adverbs. 26.

A thief stole Patrick's new Mustang from the parking lot yesterday.

27.

Sylvia and Jaime were speaking quietly in the hallway after class.

28.

Michael might drive to Montana to see his family during the holidays.

29.

Dr. Chavez became our counselor last summer.

NS

VI

NS

VT

NDO

NS

LV

NSC

Nmne

_

Date

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Unit 3 Sample Quiz B Please circle the correct verb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

The collection of antique shoes and costumes (was, were) for sale. The manager ofthe three baseball players (is, are) speaking to reporters. The clerks (worked, were working, have worked) in this office for two months now. Michael (cleaned, has cleaned, had cleaned) his house yesterday. Maria (sold, has sold, had sold) her house several months before she moved to Houston. The chef (baked, was baking, has baked) the cake when the oven stopped working. Jackie (is interviewing, had interviewed, was interviewing) applicants all day yesterday. Martin (will hire, hires, will have hired) a new cashier by the end of next week. Sam (practices, has practiced, is practicing) the piano right now. Ken (revised, had revised, has revised) the essay several times before he turned it in.

Please write the correct form of the verb in the blank. 11. 12.

Samuel Jill and Sam

13.

By this time next month Stevie

14.

Mrs. Lopez

(bring) her baby to the doctor yesterday.

15.

The athletes

(swim) in the pool for hours last night.

(wear) his uniform to the game yesterday. (study) for a Spanish test at this moment. (apply) for several jobs.

Pleasefill in the correct verb forms. (1 point each)

Base

Base+s

Simple Past

Past Participle

Present Participle

eat

eats

ate

eaten

eating

regret blow catch drink occupy wander bite Please rewrite the following active voice sentences so that they become passive. 16.

The little boy hid the expensive toy under the bed.

17.

An inconsiderate man stole my coffee before the meeting.

39 These sentences have errors. Please revise them. 18.

Mr. Lopez didn't choose nobody to teach the new class.

19.

The children couldn't play none of their games while it rained.

Please use the word NOT to change these positive sentences into negative sentences. Spelling counts! 20.

Mr. Prentiss remembered to send his clients an up-to-date bill.

21.

The thief took Sara's new watch.

22.

Jeffrey often forgets his girlfriend's birthday.

Now turn these statements into WH- questions. 23.

Lara will give several presentations at her job next week.

24.

The team members spoke at a press conference after the game.

25.

Someone forgot to lock the doors of the office.

Please identify the patterns of the following sentences. Also identify adverbs. l. Mrs. English

carefully

2. The French teacher -.~

reviewed

several

spoke carefully

grammar

and slowly

3. Next month the group leaders will be Martha 4. After the storm crews worked

diligently

exercises

last night.

during the class. and

Sylvester.

to repair the damaged

roads.

NS

Vi

NS

Vt

NDO

NS

LV

NSC

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Nmne

_

Date

_

Unit 3 Sample Quiz C Please circle the correct verb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. lO.

The manager of our three programs (is, are) at the meeting today. The purpose of these exercises (is, are) to teach students about verbs. Each of the four speakers (was, were) sitting at the front table. Sylvia (moved, has moved, had moved) to Sylmar before she enrolled at the college. Maria (finished, had finished, has finished) her degree last month. Jackson (worked, was working, has worked) at his desk when the alarm went off. Jai (is attending, attends, has attended) the college for three semesters now. Sue (hired, has hired, had hired) a new receptionist yesterday. Lee (completes, will complete, will have completed) the report by 4 p.m. tomorrow. Opal (reviewed, has reviewed, had reviewed) the document days before she sent it to her lawyer.

Please write the correctform of the verb in the blank. Spelling counts! 11.

Samuel accidentally

12.

Because the man sentenced him to prison.

13.

By this time next week, Karen

14.

Luis

15.

Each of the officers

(cut) his fmger last night. (admit) his guilt during the trial, the judge (quit) her job. (steal) his sister's bicycle yesterday. (shut) the doors right now.

Please fill in the correct verb forms. (1 point each) Base

Base+s

Simple Past

Past Participle

V-ing

eat

eats

ate

eaten

eating

hurry forget hide write SWIm tear Please rewrite the following active voice sentences so that thejJ become passive. Spelling counts! 16.

The head coach gave trophies to two players after the gmne.

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The architect will write several proposals next month.

These sentences have errors. Please revise them. Spelling counts! 18.

The soccer players couldn't fmd nobody at the stadium.

19.

The supervisor didn't do nothing about the problem for several days.

Please use the word NOT to change these positive sentences into negative sentences. Spelling counts! 20.

Prentiss forgets his girlfriend's phone number.

21.

The winner of the contest spoke at the ceremony.

22.

The lawyer sent the accident report to the judge.

Now turn these statements into questions. Spelling counts! 23.

Ubaldo remembered his wife's birthday at the last moment.

24.

After the interviews Mrs. Chavez chose a new receptionist for the front office.

25.

The doctor will be performing a complicated heart surgery.

Please identify the patterns of the following sentences. Also identify adverbs. 1. Four of my neighbors 0·...........

2. Pat and her husband 3. Next

month

complained are attending

the manager

angrily

about the barking

the wedding

of the building

dog.

next week.

will be Samuel

Hastings.

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Name

_

Date

_

Contraction or Possessive Pronoun?

Contraction it + is =

it's

Possessive Pronoun its

you + are =

you're

your

he = is =

he's

his

they + are = they're

their

who + is =

whose

who's

Adverb

there

Please select the proper word. 1. The dog ate (it's, its) dinner. 2. (It's, Its) going to rain tomorrow. 3. The team elected (it's, its) captain. 4. The man said that (it's, its) too hot to play baseball. 5. (You're, Your) studying apostrophes in this lesson. 6. (You're, Your) book is on the table. 7. If (you're, your) ready, you may begin the test. 8. Please give me (you're, your) opinion. 9. Tom said that (he's, his) lost his new iPod. 10. Jerry will lend you (he's, his) book tomorrow. 11. (Their, There, They're) going to win the game! 12. (Their, There, They're) children are at the party. 13. (Their, There, They're) goes my new car! 14. The Smiths borrowed my car. (Their, There, They're) car is in the shop. IS. It was Mr. Lee (whose, who's) car was stolen. 16. (Whose, Who's) going to the soccer game? 17. (Whose, Who's) book is this? 18. Karen was the teacher (whose, who's) book was chosen to be published.