Soil & Waste - Plumbing solutions

Soil &Nowo inclNiudnN e Soil & Waste Design & installation. Now includes: • PVCu • dBlue • HDPE. marley.co.uk...

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Soil & Waste Design & installation Now includes: • PVCu • dBlue • HDPE

marley.co.uk MARLEY AKATHERM HDPE |

Innovation & Expertise

Marley Soil & Waste systems Marley Plumbing & Drainage offer a comprehensive range of soil and waste systems. Available with a variety of jointing methods, Marley products are manufactured to exacting UK and European standards and are designed for use on commercial projects as well as housing developments.

Product specification information This guide contains design and installation information for Marley PVCu soil & waste, HDPE and dBlue acoustic drainage systems. Product specification information on these product ranges is available as a separate document. All documentation can be downloaded from marleypd.co.uk

Production information Information on the complete range of Marley Plumbing and Drainage system solutions is available to download from marleypd.co.uk or via the literature hotline 01622 852585.

BS EN ISO 9001:2008 BS EN ISO 14001:2004

Contents

4 PVCu soil & waste systems 5 Commercial applications 6 Key components

Design

8 11 12 12 14 15

Stack design Design of waste systems Waste traps WC manifold system Durgo air admittance valve Fire protection

Installation

2 | MARLEY AKATHERM HDPE



18 Marley dBlue 19 Pipe support system 20 Boss branches 20 Boss pipe connections 21 WC connections 22 WC manifold system 23 Site work 24 HDPE jointing methods 31 HDPE installation 35 HDPE handling and storage 36 British & European Standards 37 Marley system solutions

16 PVCu jointing techniques 17 Pipe support

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 3

PVCu soil & waste systems

88½° bend KB2

Commercial applications

Bottle trap B040R Roof terminal SV42

●● 8  2, 110 and 160mm push-fit and solvent weld soil systems incorporating socketed and plain ended pipe

Weathering slate SAS45

Marley Akatherm HDPE

Pipe clip SC45

●● 1  10mm WC connectors for all BS WC pans. Available with solvent weld or push-fit joints.

Pipe SL403

●● 1  10mm WC manifold system allows ranges of toilets to be connected horizontally. Ideal for commercial applications.

Branch SY401

The Marley Akatherm HDPE drainage range is certified to BS EN 1519: 2000 (licence number KM 545820) An extension of the Marley soil & waste portfolio, the HDPE range offers an alternative solution to cast iron.

Pipe KP204

Bent pan connector SWCB90

45° tee KT21

●● 5  0 and 82mm floor outlet components are available as separate components or as an all in one trapped floor outlet.

Boss connector SA421

The combination of the excellent material properties of HDPE with homogenous welded joints provides greater installation flexibility with a wide range of jointing options

Collar boss SCB41

●● F ire sleeves and pipe wraps, providing up to 4 hours rating. ●● 1  10 and 160mm pipe support components designed specifically to meet the needs of supporting horizontal or vertical suspended PVCu pipework. ●● 8  2, 110 and 160mm pipes and fittings are also suitable for use as internal and external rainwater pipes to drain flat roofs and metal gutter systems on commercial and industrial buildings.

It is particularly suited for commercial applications or where a product with high impact or abrasion resistance is required, such as hospitals, hotels, schools, as well as residential buildings. HDPE will also cope with temperature variations of -40°C to 100°C.

Low level bath trap P5040 P trap P040

Key fitting: Akavent aerator

Waste pipe

The need for secondary venting in high-rise buildings can be eliminated with the Akavent aerator. An Akavent aerator fitting breaks the fall on each floor and as a consequence the secondary vent pipe is not required as the pressure difference stays well within the limit of 3 mbar.

Boss connector SA421

Boss pipe SW40 Pipe SP403 Slip coupling SE405

Akavent Aerator

110mm Underground pipe

Marley dBlue acoustic system

Now available from PVCu

Solvent waste ABS

Push-fit waste Polypropylene

Overflow PVCu

Compression waste Polypropylene

Traps Polypropylene

The Marley dBlue acoustic system is a triple-layer drainage system designed for use where improved levels of soundproofing are required. Suitable for use in domestic applications as well as hospitals and hotels, where reduced noise levels are required. Used in conjunction with the acoustic pipe clips, the dBlue system is designed to reduce noise and acoustic vibrations to a level of 19dB at 4 l/s discharge rate. It is also lightweight, resistant to temperature change and is jointed using the push-fit ring seal method.

Available in 32, 40 and 50 mm White & Black

Lightweight and cost effective for internal installation. Easy to cut joint and install.

Available in 32, 40 and 50 mm White, Black & Grey

F or internal use, ideally suited to fast installation. Cost effective solution where systems are being installed or modified.

 complete range of A pipework and fittings for overflow and boiler condensate applications.

 ulti-fit compression M socket, for internal use. Easy installation to similar sized new or existing plastic and copper pipework.

 range of traps, which A enable quick & easy installation to any new or existing plastic or copper pipework.

Available in 32, 40 mm White, Black & Grey

Available in 21.5 mm White

Available in 32, 40 mm White & Chrome

Available in 32, 40 and 50 mm White & Chrome

ABS and polypropylene waste pipes and fittings are designed for internal use and should not be fitted externally as they will be subject to ultraviolet light degradation. If fitted externally it is recommended that they are protected by the application of a suitable paint or are boxed in.

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Secure fixing to the building’s structure.

2 pipe clip diameters*: 50 mm 110 mm

Elimination of the acoustic bridge between the soil stack and the building’s structure

Pipe clip fastening

The dBlue system is available in 40mm, 50mm, 110mm and 160mm diameters. It is also compatible with the Marley PVCu soil and waste system for branch connections. S uitable for internal and external applications.

The unique shape of the fitting increases the capacity of the stack. The soil and waste flow from the higher floors smoothly converges with the flow of the lower floor.

Acoustic inlays Suppression of vibrations between the system section Three contact surfaces with the pipe Special structure on the noise suppression surfaces

*40 mm and 160 mm pipe clips also available.

Solvent soil The Marley PVCu soil range has been extended with the addition of nine 110mm solvent fittings, offering further options for the installer. The range includes the new 8-way soil manifold which offers the flexibility

of 4 top and 4 side entries, allowing for multiple inlet connections. At just 70mm above the floor slab, the manifold sits neatly at finished floor level in most typical applications.

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 5

Key components The Marley soil & waste range offers an extensive choice of standard fittings for commercial and domestic projects.

PVCu Soil – Push-fit or solvent weld

Pictured is a selection of key components within the range. Product specification information on the PVCu, HDPE drainage and dBlue acoustic soil ranges is available as a separate document. All documentation can be downloaded from marleypd.co.uk

Marley co-ex soil 110mm soil pipe with at least 30% recycled content

8-way collar boss

Adjustable bends

The collar boss offers the flexibility of 4 top and 4 side entries, allowing multiple inlet connections. Specifically designed to prevent cross-flow and to allow multiple low level bath or shower waste pipes to be connected to the stack above floor level.

Available in 82, 110 and 160mm and can be adjusted by cutting the fitting at the required angle and solvent welding the two sections together.

Marley 110mm soil pipe now combines the environmental benefits of using recycled material with the quality and aesthetic advantages of co-extrusion technology. •

Push-fit soil range

Code

Angle achieved

SB37

11° – 87½°

SB46

5° – 14°

SB47

21° – 90°

SB67

15° – 90°

The Marley range offers a quick, straightforward solution. In up to three colour variants, pipe with a socket or spigot end and a wide range of fittings. Ideally suited for domestic and small commercial applications.

BS EN 1329 certified

• Looks better, with higher gloss levels • Has improved weathering performance • Available in grey and black colour only • Same list price as standard white pipe • Colour matched to all standard 110mm Marley soil fittings Solvent Soil range

5 boss branch, 87½° push-fit sockets/spigot The Marley range of five boss branches are designed to allow multiple waste pipe connections to be made to the discharge stack from different directions. Four different side entry combinations are possible together with a rear, if required.

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Fire protection systems – Universal fire collar (UFC1) & fire sleeves Fire sleeves and pipe wraps, providing up to 4 hours rating. The universal fire collar is designed to be surface mounted and is sufficient for 5 x 110mm pipe collars.

WC connectors

Durgo air admittance valve

Manifold system

Connectors for all BS WC pans to accommodate a range of outlet sizes between 84 and 110mm. Available with solvent weld or push-fit joints.

The Durgo valve is designed to reduce the number of roof penetrations. Suitable for use in sanitary pipework systems up to ten storeys high, the valve must be fitted in a vertical position above the flood level of the highest appliance connecting to the stack.

For use in sanitary pipework systems in schools, hospitals, public and commercial buildings, the manifold system allows ranges of toilets to be connected to a horizontal float above floor level and eliminates the need for specially fabricated fittings.

All documentation is available to download from marley.co.uk Technical hotline: 01622 852695

The Marley range offers a secure method of jointing and includes the new eight-way collar boss for multiple connections to the stack, solvent socket bends, branches and access fittings. Ideally suited for commercial and horizontal pipework situations.

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 7

Design Bends at the base of stacks

Sanitary pipework design

Bends at the base of vertical stacks should be of long radius and have a minimum centre line radius of 200mm on a 110mm nominal size stack. Two 45° radius bends may also be used as an alternative to provide the change of direction and connection to the building drain. The same design principle should also be adopted where offsets occur in stacks of one or more storey height.

All sanitary pipework systems should be designed to satisfy the following regulations and standards where applicable. ●● The Building Regulations 2010: Approved Document H, Section 1. ●● The Building Standards Technical Handbook (Scotland) 2010: Part M. ●● The Building Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000, Technical Handbook N. ●● BS EN 12056: 2000, Parts 1 to 5. Regular consultation is essential between Architects and Plumbing Engineers throughout the building design stage as the careful arrangement of kitchen and bathroom appliances will simplify the final sanitary pipework layout. This will help to ensure that an efficient sanitary pipework system is installed at minimum cost.

min 200mm radius

Where pipework is suspended in a ceiling void or car park, it is recommended that two 45° solvent weld bends are used with a short piece of pipe between to ensure the radius exceeds that required. long radius bend UBL488

The design information provided in this catalogue is endorsed in the above publications and while every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, no responsibility can be accepted for errors or omissions. For detailed guidance please consult the relevant documents referred to above.

Methods of jointing While the principal method of jointing 82, 110 and 160mm PVCu pipes and fittings is push-fit, many components in the PCVu range are also available with sockets that allow for solvent weld jointing. This particular technique is widely used on smaller diameter waste and overflow pipework although expansion and copper adaptor couplings include a push-fit joint to allow for thermal movement.

SWS415/41 boss pipe

Branches at the base of stacks solvent weld joint

As polypropylene cannot be solvent welded, the push-fit method of jointing is used throughout the system. push-fit joint

Marley dBlue is a push-fit acoustic drainage system HDPE can be jointed using one of the following methods: Electrofusion; Butt welding; Plug in, expansion or flange joints.

For single dwellings up to three storeys high, the distance between the centre line of the lowest branch connection and the invert of the drain should be at least 450mm. For multi-storey systems up to five storeys high, the minimum distance should be 740mm and for systems higher than five floors no connections are permissible at ground floor level. Where this occurs a separate stub stack should be provided to serve the ground floor or individual appliances should have their own separate connection to the building drain.

UBL488 or 2 – UB455 bends

L

Thermal movement The coefficient of linear expansion for PVCu is 0.06mm/m/°C. As a result a 3m length of pipe will increase in length by approximately 3.6mm when subjected to a 20°C temperature variation. Therefore, it is important to ensure that any movement is controlled and push-fit joints are installed to accommodate any expansion that may occur due to increases in ambient temperature or hot water discharges.

L = 450mm up to three storeys high L = 740mm up to five storeys high L = one storey height, over five storeys

Sizing of soil stacks

Material and manufacture

It is recommended that the guidance given within BS EN 12056, part 2 be adopted when sizing soil stacks. Marley Technical Services Department offer design and installation advice, including the sizing of soil stacks, for customers who use or specify Marley Plumbing & Drainage products.

Marley Plumbing & Drainage pipes and fittings for domestic sanitary pipework systems are manufactured from different plastics materials including PVCu, PVCc, ABS and Polypropylene.

Soil stack capacity

The table right details the important dimensions and weights of each of the systems together with the relevant British and European Standard. All pipes are manufactured using a continuous extrusion process and fittings are produced by high-pressure injection moulding.

The capacity of a soil stack can be increased by the installation of a secondary ventilated stack. The following information is taken from tables 11 & 12 of BS EN 12056-2: 2000 which illustrates this increase.

Chemical and temperature resistance Primary ventilated stack Stack size (mm)

Maximum capacity (l/s) Swept entries

82

Secondary ventilated stack Stack size (mm)

Secondary vent Maximum capacity (l/s) (mm)

Swept entries 3.4

2.6

82

50

110

5.2

110

50

7.3

160

12.4

160

80

18.3

Secondary ventilated stack

8 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

All documentation is available to download from marley.co.uk Technical hotline: 01622 852695

Dimensions and weights Pipe Material Standard

BS nominal size (mm/ inch)

Min

Max

Wall thickness (mm) Min

Weight kg/metre

Soil PVCu BS 4514

82

82.4

82.8

3.20

1.30

BS EN 1329

110

110.0

110.3

3.20

1.70

160

160.0

160.4

3.20

2.50

Waste

36/1¼

36.10

36.50

1.80

0.33

PVC-c

43/1½

42.70

43.10

1.80

0.41

55/2

55.70

56.10

1.80

0.57

Waste

36/1¼

36.10

36.50

1.80

0.20

ABS

43/1½

42.70

43.10

1.80

0.26

55/2

55.70

56.10

1.80

0.35

Polypropylene

34/1¼

34.40

34.80

1.80

0.21

BS EN 1451

41/1½

40.80

41.20

1.80

0.26

21.5/¾

21.55

21.70

1.10

0.11

Most plastics used for sanitary pipework are highly resistant to those chemicals normally found in domestic waste water and sewerage systems. For applications where chemical discharges are likely to occur, the Marley Akatherm HDPE drainage range may be more suitable.

BS EN 1566

Generally the maximum working temperature of Marley PVCu, dBlue & HDPE soil and waste systems when subjected to continuous flow is 70°C and 75°C respectively. Higher intermittent discharges of up to 95°C may be accommodated by PVCu, dBlue & HDPE provided the period of discharge does not exceed one minute duration.

Waste

Alternatively, reference can be made to ISO publications TR10358 & TR7620 which provide comprehensive information on chemical and temperature resistance of plastics and rubber materials.

BS EN 806-4

BS EN 1455-1

Overflow PVCu

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 9

Design Stub stacks

Offsets in the wet portion of a discharge stack should be avoided wherever possible but where they have to be fitted a large radius or two 45° bends should be used to create each change of direction. Offsets in lightly loaded stacks up to three storeys high do not require offset venting but on multi-storey buildings this may be necessary depending on the loading of the stack and the numbers of floors above the offset. The principles previously described for bends and branches at the base of a stack should also be applied.

An unventilated stub stack terminated with an access fitting may be used to connect a group of ground floor appliances to the building drain provided the vertical drop to the invert level of the drain does not exceed 1.5m from a WC and 2.5m from a waste appliance. Where one or more stub stacks are connected to the same drain, the head of the run should be ventilated to atmosphere or air admittance valves fitted to each stub stack arrangement. SE40 access cap

This technique is often used to connect isolated ground floor waste appliances such as basins, baths, shower trays and sinks to eliminate exposed pipework or low level ducting. The 110mm unventilated PVCu drain is terminated at finished floor level with a reducer and boss adaptor to suit the size of waste from the appliance.

SA411/421/420 32mm/40mm or 50mm boss connector

SRM402 eccentric reducer

The gradient of a branch pipe should be uniform and adequate to drain the pipe and appliance efficiently. A minimum gradient of 18mm/metre should be adopted for 32, 40 and 50mm nominal size pipes but larger diameter 82, 110 and 160mm branch runs may be laid flatter at 9mm/metre fall where the discharge flow rate exceeds 2.5litres/second.

SY401 Equal Branch

Top & side waste connections for maximum flexibility, even in tight spaces. Design prevents any danger of cross-flow.

Branch pipe lengths

Hole cutter locator

SWS415/41 boss pipe

Stub waste

Branch pipe gradients

8-way collar boss

Factory fitted, air tested joint ensuring long term integrity.

61mm

The following information is taken from Table 8 of BS EN 12056: 2: 2000 and provides general guidance on the recommended lengths of unventilated branch pipes for a variety of sanitary appliances.

No need for pipe to be cut on site, saving installation time. Comes complete with pre-chamfered spigot tail for easy jointing.

SY401 branch

SCBL41 – 350mm Long spigot tail, accommodating virtually all floor thicknesses.

long radius bend UBL488

Dia (mm)

Min.trap seal depth (mm)

Max. length of pipe (m)

Washbasin or bidet

32

75

1.7

2.2

0

0

Washbasin or bidet

40

75

3.0

1.8 to 4.4

2

0

Appliances

SFC44 fire collar, SFW44 pipe wrap can be used within the floor slab.

2.5m max

1.5m max

Crescent flush actuation plate, Multikwik Sanitary Systems

Offsets in stacks

SC41 clip fitted around socket.

UB411 bend

Pipe gradient (%)

Max. bends (No.)

Max. drop H (m)

Bath or shower

40

50

No limit

1.8 to 9.0

No limit

1.5

Bowl urinal

40

75

3.0

1.8 to 9.0

No limit

1.5

Trough urinal

50

75

3.0

1.8 to 9.0

No limit

1.5

Kitchen sink

40

75

No limit

1.8 to 9.0

No limit

1.5

Dishwasher or washing machine

40

75

3.0

1.8 to 4.4

No limit

1.5

WC

110

50

No limit

1.8 min

No limit

1.5

The maximum lengths given above may be increased where the branch pipe is ventilated or an air admittance valve is used. For further details refer to the above standard.

Prevention of cross-flow Where small diameter branch waste pipes connect to a discharge stack they must be arranged to eliminate the risk of cross-flow from one branch to the other. A branch creates a no entry zone for opposing waste connections, which varies depending on the stack diameter. No connections should be made within the restricted zone although entry is permissible on the centre line of the boundary directly opposite or at right angles.

Stack size (mm)

82 110 160

Height of zone 'H' (mm)

90 110 250

To prevent cross-flow from a large diameter branch to a smaller waste connection, the latter should be made to the stack at or above the centre line of the larger branch, at right angles or at least 200mm below the restricted zone. Entry is permissible on the boundary centre line directly opposite or at right angles.

SWS40 boss pipe

The Marley Collar Boss was specifically designed to overcome installation problems imposed by the 200mm restricted zone and to allow multiple low level bath or shower waste pipes to be connected to the stack above floor level. Cross-flow is prevented as the circular annular chamber protects the small diameter waste connections from the WC discharge allowing waste water to flow freely and merge below the critical zone. Different combinations of 110mm branches can be used with the collar boss to accommodate various WC positions which may be up to 3 metres from the vertical stack.

SY401 branch

H H SA421 boss adaptor

SY405 branch

SCB41 collar boss SA421 boss connector

‘H’ = 200mm irrespective of stack diameter

10 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 11

Design Combined branch waste A combined branch waste is often used to connect a bath and/or shower and basin to the discharge stack as this allows waste pipework to be neatly concealed in a low level duct. Where this technique is adopted a 45° entry tee must be used to ensure the basin discharge is swept in the direction of flow towards the stack. The minimum distance between the bath or shower and basin connection should not be less than 500mm and it is recommended that an anti-syphon bottle trap is fitted to the basin or a vent provided to protect the appliance from self-syphonage. It is recommended that the distance of the combined waste does not exceed 3 metres, however, experience has shown that longer runs using 40 or 50mm pipework has proved successful provided adequate fall can be obtained to ensure self-cleansing velocity is maintained

WC manifold system

Waste traps Generally appliances such as sinks, baths and showers do not suffer from self-syphonage as the trap seal is replenished at the end of the discharge due to the flat bottom design of the appliance. Tubular traps are recommended for such appliances as they ensure unrestricted discharge and reduce the risk of blockage and prevent the accumulation of sediment. ●● C  ompression jointed polypropylene traps can be taken apart to remove a blockage or gain access to the waste system ●● R ange includes P-traps, S-traps, bottle traps, bath & shower traps and different configurations for washing machines, dishwashers, 1½ or 2 bowl sinks ●● White with multiple seal depths

The Multikwik anti-vac bottle trap, B032V / B040V, was specially developed to prevent self-syphonage from basins, which can occur particularly where the waste pipe drops vertically from the appliance before falling at an even gradient to the discharge stack. The trap also eliminates the need for a secondary vent pipe where basins are located further than the recommended 3m maximum from the stack. Non-mechanical, the trap operates as air is drawn in through a by-pass tube to eliminate any syphonic action and ensure the trap seal is maintained.

Developed for use in sanitary pipework systems in schools, hospitals, public and commercial buildings, the manifold system allows ranges of toilets to be connected to a horizontal float above floor level and eliminate the need for specially fabricated fittings. The components are suitable for installation in a duct, or for fitting on the surface of the wall directly behind the pan. Where the manifold is fitted directly behind the range of toilets,

The P1940 low level shallow trap has a 19mm water seal and is supplied to satisfy customer demand. centre line of WC outlet from finished floor level

Now available from

KT21W entry tee KBA22W 45º bend

bath/ shower

500mm min

For installation details see page 18.

SM41W

110mm float at 9mm/metre fall

SWS41 boss pipe

SY401/SY405 branch

A

40mm

SM42W adjustable bend

215mm minimum duct width

Manifold branch SM41W with SM42W Cut line

30 35

P1940 low level trap

The WC socket on both the SM42W and SM44W must be trimmed to suit the length of pan spigot before the SA323W is fitted.

190mm

B040V anti-vac bottle trap

To accommodate different dimensions between the WC spigot and horizontal float, the adjustable spigot bend SM43W may be trimmed by up to 35mm or the extension pipe SM45W can be used with the pan connector SM44W and SA323W cap & seal.

SM42W & SA323W

It is recommended its use is restricted to ground floor baths and showers that discharge directly to an external trapped gully. It should not be fitted to a bath or shower where the waste pipe is connected to a soil stack.

●● Sizes: 32, 40 and 50mm

the minimum distance between the end of the WC spigot and the face of the wall is 150mm. To facilitate varying angles and gradients the 110 x 90mm manifold branch has a radial socket to match both options of adjustable WC bend. When the selected bend is cut to the appropriate line and solvent welded into the socket on the manifold branch a uniform fall is obtained between each toilet on the horizontal float.

Manifold branch SM41W with SM43W

Adjustable wall fixing

50° 55° 60° 65° 70° 75° 80° 85° 90°

Cut line Flush plate

A – projection (mm) B – drop (mm)

93

93

92

91

90

87

84

80

75

77

85

93

50° 55° 60° 65° 70° 75° 80° 85° 90°

A – projection (mm)

180 180 179 178 177 174 171 167 162

B – drop (mm)

69

SM41W

W.C. cistern

69

SA323W cap & seal

B

101 109 116 123 130

77

85

93

manifold 101 109 116 123branch 130

front panel W.C. frame W.C. seal & cap SA323W

Flush pipe

SA323W cap & seal

A A

A

SM42W adjustable WC bend

SM42W SM42W adjustable adjustablebend WC bend

SM41W Manifold branch

12 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

SM43W SM43W adjustable spigot bend adjustable WC bend

30 35

30 35

SM41W manifold branch

JB42 two peice pipe bracket with SC621 barrel clip collar

110 x 90mm branch SM41W

SM43W WC spigot bend

110mm float

B

B

Adjustable bend SM42W with socket trimmed to suit 50mm pan spigot

SA323W SA323W cap cap&&seal seal

SA323W SA323W & seal capcap & seal SM41W manifold SM41W branch manifold branch

JB42 two peice pipe bracket with SC621 barrel clip collar

Adjustable bend SM42W with socket trimmed to suit 50mm pan spigot

SM44W pan connector SM44W pan connector

SM41W manifold branch SM41W manifold branch

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 13

Design Durgo air admittance valve

Fire protection

The Durgo valve is designed to reduce the number of ventilating pipes and subsequent roof penetrations in domestic, commercial and public buildings. Suitable for use in sanitary pipework systems up to ten storeys high, the valve must be fitted in a vertical position above the flood level of the highest appliance connecting to the stack. Valves should be installed within the building in a ventilated duct or roof space where there is no risk of freezing and must be accessible for inspection and testing.

When installed the valve will remain closed unless the system is subject to negative pressure whereby the diaphragm will lift and allow air to be drawn in to eliminate syphonic action. Positive pressure ensures the valve closes and prevents foul air escaping from the system. Each valve is supplied boxed with a polystyrene insulation cover that should remain in position after installation, as this will protect the valve against freezing, particularly when installed in a roof space.

The 50, 82 and 110mm size valves have been assessed by the British Board of Agrément and awarded Certificate No 06/4325 which permits their use in accordance with the Building Regulations. A copy of the full certificate is available and provides comprehensive information on their use and installation.

To ventilate the underground drainage system and to minimise the effects of back pressure should a blockage occur, the branch or main drain serving a stack or stacks fitted with Durgo valves may require conventional venting at a point upstream of the stack connection.

For up to and including four dwellings, 1, 2, or 3 storeys in height, additional drain venting is not required. Where a drain serves more than four such dwellings equipped with the valve, the drain should be vented according to the following rules: 5 to 10 such dwelling – conventional ventilation to be provided at the head of the system. 11 to 20 such dwellings – conventional ventilation to be provided at the mid-point and at the head of the system. For multi-storey domestic dwellings (other than those referred to previously) and non-domestic buildings, conventional drain venting should be provided if more than one such building, each equipped with the valves, is connected to a common drain which itself is not vented by means of a ventilating stack or a discharge stack not fitted with a valve. Stacks should not be fitted with valves when the connecting drain is subject to periodic surcharging or is fitted with an intercepting trap. An open vent must be provided and this also applies to stacks that discharge to a cesspool or septic tank.

11 to 20 dwellings SVP at head and mid point 5 to 10 dwellings SVP at head Up to 4 dwellings no SVP required

SVP

Durgo

11th

20th

SVP

10th

Durgo

5th

Durgo

Durgo

4th

The Building Regulations 1991 (as amended) require that a building shall be sub-divided into compartments where necessary to inhibit the spread of fire. Plastics pipework is permitted to penetrate separating walls, compartment walls and floors provided the appropriate measures are taken to prevent the spread of fire in accordance with Part B of the Approved Document (2010).

2 hours integrity. The test work and technical evaluation was independently assessed by the British Board of Agrément who issued an Agrément Certificate. Copies of this original certificate and the detail sheets are available from Marley Plumbing & Drainage.

To comply with this, pipes must be enclosed within a fire resistant enclosure which extends from floor to ceiling within each storey. The enclosure must have a class ‘O’ internal surface and have each side formed by a separating wall, external wall or by casing. Any casing must have a minimum ½ hour fire resistance and penetrations of the duct must be limited to 160mm vertical and 110mm horizontal. Where longer periods of fire resistance are required, Marley fire collars or pipe wraps can be fitted to provide a fire rating of up to 4 hours depending on the actual construction detail. Tests carried out at the Warrington Fire Research Centre in accordance with BS 476: Part 20: 1987 verified the integrity of each construction detail shown opposite in respect of fire spread.

SVD4 Durgo air admittance valve SE400 pipe socket

SGS41/SA323W WC pan connector

SW40 boss pipe

SY401 branch

In addition to the above, tests carried out at FIRTO on a variety of typical sanitary pipework arrangements proved that it was possible to achieve up to 1½ hour fire rating through a compartment floor without a fire collar or pipe wrap where the stack was terminated by an air admittance valve. Various other arrangements were also tested and achieved a minimum of

1st

Indicative row of 20 dwellings 3 storeys high (maximum) fitted with Durgo valves

BASIN FLOOD LEVEL SE400 Coupling or pipe socket

SVD4-110mm B1 rated valve fitted above flood level of basin

The construction illustrated below achieved a 1½ hour fire resistance rating without the need for a fire resistance enclosure. The enclosure is necessary to achieve a 2 hour rating.

Floor and enclosure fire stopped at all openings using materials meeting building regulation requirements

Fire protection Marley Fire Protection Products provide up to 4 hours resistance. Suitable for use with all Marley plastic drainage systems

SC45 Pipe clip B032V anti syphon bottle trap KR210 reducer

110mm PVCu pipe

SWCB90 90° connector

SRM304 110x82mm Level invert reducer

55-160mm

110mm

110mm

UFC Universal fire collar

SFC44 fire collar

Universal fire collar fixed to soffit of concrete floor

110mm

110mm

SFW44 pipe wrap

SFC44 fire sleeve

SFW44 pipe wrap

Fire collar

Pipe wrap

Fire collar

Pipe wrap

fixed to soffit of concrete floor

fixed within concrete floor

fixed to exposed side of fire compartment wall

fixed within fire compartment wall

SVD3-82mm A1 rated valve fitted below flood level of basin

40mm dia SYS415 87.5° Branch

BATH/SHOWER P1940 low level 'p' trap

KBA22 45º bend

40mm dia

F.F.L. KT21 45º tee

14 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

2no 45° Bend KBA22/KB22

SA421 Boss connector

SCBL41 Collar boss

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 15

Installation data Jointing techniques The ring seal has been successfully employed as the principal method of jointing large diameter PVCu pipes and fittings since their introduction over thirty years ago. This particular technique has proved extremely reliable as the joint can accommodate thermal movement that will occur as a result of temperature variations. An expansion gap of between 5-10mm should be allowed within each ring seal socket as each full length of pipe is installed and fixed using socket and barrel pipe clips.

Solvent soil stack installation

SES401 Double solvent coupling SC41 SES401 Socket/support clip Double point solvent coupling Anchor SC41 Socket/support clip Anchor point

Solvent weld jointing is also widely used and many components in the range are available with this facility to provide an effective alternative. By selecting these fittings a solvent weld system can be installed, however, ring seal joints must be incorporated to control thermal movement.

solvent weld joint

40mm waste pipe

It should be noted that polypropylene cannot be solvent welded and together with the ABS waste system must not be fitted externally unless painted to protect it from ultra-violet degradation.

MAX 2000mm MAX 2000mm

ring seal joint

SC41 Socket/support clip Anchor point SC41 Socket/support clip Anchor point

MAX 2000mm MAX 2000mm

While the most popular method of jointing larger size PVCu pipes and fittings is by ring seal, with small diameter waste pipework the principal choice is usually solvent weld. Where this technique is used expansion couplings must be introduced where pipe lengths exceed 2 metres or between fixed points. The same principle should also be adopted when the polypropylene push-fit waste system is installed.

Push-fit soil stack installation

The addition of the SE409 ring seal adaptor allows for thermal movement required in a solvent soil installation

expansion coupling KEC2

pipe clips

SFS41 Access pipe

SFS41 Access pipe

SFS41 Access pipe

SFS41 Access pipe

5 to 10mm Expansion gap

SC45 Pipe/barrel clip Guide bracket SC45 SE409 Pipe/barrel clip Ring adaptor Guideseal bracket

5 to 10mm Expansion gap

Pipe support Experience has proved that an efficient and reliable PVCu sanitary pipework system depends considerably on the attention that is placed on the correct provision of pipe support brackets. This is particularly important in multistorey buildings where care must be taken to ensure clips are positioned to control thermal movement at each floor level.

SE409 SYS405 Ring sealbranch adaptor 110mm

Connection from W.C Connection Connection from from W.C bath/shower Connection from bath/shower

SCB41 SYS405 Collar boss branch 110mm SCB41 Collar boss

5 to 10mm Expansion gap

SC45 Pipe/barrel clip Guide bracket SC45 Pipe/barrel clip Guide bracket

5 to 10mm Expansion gap

SY401 110mm branch

Connection from W.C

SC41SY401 Collar boss branch 110mm

Connection Connection from from W.C bath/shower

SC41 Collar boss

Connection from bath/shower

Plastic coated metal socket clips are designed to fit ring seal sockets and act as anchor brackets. These used in conjunction with PVCu intermediate pipe clips, control expansion and contraction and maintain the vertical alignment of the stack. Two piece socket clips SC41/61 may be adapted to suit the appropriate pipe size by using a section of barrel clip collar SC621 to provide the necessary spacer sleeve. The table opposite indicates the maximum recommended support centres of different size plastic pipe systems.

Pipe material

BS Nominal pipe size

Horizontal support (m)

Vertical support (m)

21.5

0.50

1.20

32

0.50

1.20

40

0.50

1.20

PVCc

32

0.50

1.20

ABS

40

0.50

1.20

50

0.60

1.20

82

1.00

2.00

110

1.00

2.00

160

1.20

2.00

PVCu Polypropylene

barrel pipe clip SC45

socket pipe clip SC41

PVCu

16 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 17

Installation data Marley dBlue

Marley pipe support system

Marley dBlue is a push-fit system and is installed in the same way as PVCu soil pipe. The only minor difference is type of clips used, which are integral to the effectiveness of the system.

The Marley pipe support range was developed to meet the specific requirements of PVCu suspended sanitary pipework and drainage systems. Manufactured in zinc electro plated mild steel for internal use, the versatile range of components can be assembled to provide a robust, lightweight system suitable for most applications. The system also provides suitable control of expansion and contraction. The arrangements of brackets and channel supports have been extensively tested and the assembly techniques used have been successfully employed on many domestic and commercial installations.

Single support Recommended for waste or larger diameter pipework fixed within 500mm of the floor soffit.

see table

Double support Developed for use with larger diameter pipework fixed within 1.0m of the floor soffit.

Drill holes applicable for the diameter of the fixing. Fix a rawlbolt into the wall and insert the pipe clip, rotating it clockwise until it is flush with the wall and secure.

angle brace

Pipe brackets 500mm max.

The 110mm two piece pipe brackets are designed to fit round the ring seal socket ofora600mm pipe with or side bracing fitting. Where intermediate support brackets are located, the SC621 PVC barrel clip collar is used as a spacer sleeve between the pipe and bracket.

110mm pipe anchor bracket

Angle and side bracing Angle braces should be provided at 6m centres to prevent lineal and thermal movement. Side bracing may also be necessary on long runs where there are no side connections to eliminate lateral movement.

intermediate bracket

Vertical pipes The transition between vertical and horizontal pipework should be achieved using two 45° bends or a single 87½° long radius bend with a support bracket positioned as close as possible.

Branch connections All branch connections into horizontal pipework should be made at 45° to ensure the discharge is swept in the direction of flow.

1.2m max. angle brace

Structural fixings

Put the pipe or fitting inside the pipe clip under socket and connect the two parts of the open pipe clip with a drill.

It is recommended that 6mm rawlbolt or similar proprietary fixings are used to secure base 750mm plate max. or 1.0m with and angle cleats to the structure. side bracing intermediate bracket

110mm pipe anchor bracket

1.0m

Marley dBlue boss connections Marley boss connectors are available in white, black & grey. The blue colour variant is not only a different colour, but it is a different size, which should be used to connect to dBlue metric waste pipe only. Please note that this applies to the boss connections on all Marley dBlue fittings, including the collar boss, branches and boss pipe. For integrity, all boss adaptors must be solvent welded into boss upstands.

Single support

SW40BL boss branch

SW40BL boss branch

SA421BL (40mm) / SA420BL (50mm) dBlue boss connector

SA411/421/420 boss connector

Double support

see table see table angle brace angle brace 500mm max. or 600mm with side bracing

40mm dBlue pipe (PPA-040-018-300D) or 50mm dBlue pipe (PPA-050-018-300D)

110mm pipe

32, 40 or 50mm pipe ABS or PVCc waste pipe

1.0m max. or 1.2m with side bracing

110mm pipe

anchor bracket

anchor bracket intermediate bracket intermediate bracket

To connect a Marley dBlue soil stack to Marley dBlue waste pipe, use the SA421BL (40mm) or SA420BL (50mm)

To connect a Marley dBlue soil stack to Marley ABS & PVCc waste systems use the SA411 (32mm), SA421 (40mm) or SA420 (50mm) in white, black or grey. 1.2m max.

18 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

angle brace

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 19

Installation data Boss branches The Marley range of five boss branches are designed to allow multiple waste pipe connections to be made to the discharge stack from different directions. Four different side entry combinations are possible together with a rear if required. Staggered waste pipe connections, directly opposite are not permitted as cross-flow could occur.

110mm

SA411/421/420 boss connector

32, 40 or 50mm pipe

ST40W solvent WC connector

110mm

SWCB pushconn

Compatibility Boss pipes, boss connectors and strap-on bosses fitted with multi-fit ‘T’ ring seals are suitable for use with PVCc or ABS waste systems to BS EN 1566 or BS EN 1455-1, polypropylene to BS EN 1451-1 and metric size copper to BS EN 16090. Un-perforated boss upstands on boss pipes, branches and reducers may be drilled to accept 32, 40 and 50mm boss connectors SA411, SA421 and SA420 using a 51mm diameter hole saw. Knuckle bends KBK25 and KBK35 may also be used as 90° boss connectors for 40 and 50mm PVCc or ABS waste pipework.

WC connections SY405 branch

SA411/421/420 boss connector

SY405 branch

SA411/421/420 boss connector

KBK25 or KBK35 knuckle bend

SA411/421/420 boss connector

The SWS4135 boss pipe is recommended for use in horizontal situations where connections to 110mm diameter pipe is made at 45°. This fitting has a 50mm solvent weld socket to accept PVCc or ABS waste pipes. SY405 branch

Four different types of fitting are available to provide alternative methods of connecting small diameter waste pipes to 82, 110 and 160mm vertical discharge stacks.

Available with ring seal or solvent weld sockets for push-fit or solvent weld jointing, single boss pipes allow 32, 40 and 50mm waste pipe connections to be made at 87½° direct to the vertical stack.

SWS415/ SWS41

Strap-on-bosses. Primarily designed to permit 32, 40 and 50mm waste pipe connections to be made to existing 110mm PVCu discharge stacks, strap-on-bosses can also be used on new systems to provide flexibility of installation during different stages of construction.

110mm

110mm

Supplied in ring seal or solvent weld options, all have 90° boss upstands moulded on each fitting with one inlet port open. Connection is made using the appropriate size Marley boss connector to suit 32, 40 or 50mm waste pipes.

20 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

SW30/40 boss branch SA411/421/420 boss connector

Patch bosses. Suitable for solvent weld jointing to new and existing 82mm diameter PVCu discharge stacks to accept 32, 40 and 50mm size PVCc or ABS waste pipework.

ST40W solvent WC connector

ST40W solvent WC connector 110mm

110mm

82mm

SWS332 /340/350

SGS41W solvent 110mm SWCB90 WC connector ST40W 110mm push-fit WC solvent connector WC connector SGS41W solvent 110mm 110mm WC connector SA323W WC seal and retaining cap SA323W WC seal and retaining cap

32, 40 or 50mm pipe

110mm

SGS41W solvent WC connector

110mm

SWCB90 push-fit WC connector SWC11 push-fit WC connector

ST40W solvent WC connector

SWCB90 push-fit WC conne

110mm

SA323W WC seal and retaining cap 110mm

110mm

110mm

SWCB90 push-fit WC connector

SWCB90 SGS41W 110mm push-fit WCsolvent connector WC connector

SWS4150 /410/420

110mm

Multiple entry boss pipes.

ST40W solvent WC connector SA323W WC seal and retaining cap

Boss pipe connections 110mm

110mm

SGS41W solvent WC connector

32, 40 or 50mm pipe

110mm

Single boss pipes.

110mm

Ground floor toilets often have their own connection to the building drain to eliminate pipework and ducting. Where this occurs both types of connector are suitable for push-fit or solvent weld jointing to the 110mm PVC drain. SY405 branch

SWC11 push-f WC co

SA323W WC seal and retaining cap

The 90º ST40W, ST41W and SG40W connectors are supplied complete with flexible seal and retaining cap. Where the SGS41W or STS41W pan connectors are used, the WC socket must be trimmed to suit the length of pan spigot before the SA323W is solvent welded in position.

Horizontal connections

SWCB90 ST40W 110mmSGS41W push-fit WC solvent solvent connector 110mm 110mm WC connector WC connector

110mm

Two different types of connectors are available to allow connection to vitreous china or stainless steel WC pans, slop hoppers and other similar sanitary equipment. Manufactured in PVC and eva (ethylene vinyl acetate) to accommodate a range of outlet sizes between 84 and 110mm sanitary pipework or undergound drainage.

ST40W solvent WC connector

SWC11 110mm push-fit PVCu drain WC connector

11 PV

SWCB90 push-fit WC connector

SWC11 push-fit WC connector 110mm SWC11 PVCu drain push-fit WC connector

110mm PVCu drain

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 21

  

Installation data

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

  



  

  

Site Work

  

 

WC manifold system   

  

  

Up to six WCs can be connected to a soil stack using the WC manifold system and a single branch

   connection. By using a double branch WCs can be connected. six      connection, an additional

   NUMBER

OF WCs   

 



The table, right, details the angles of the manifolds for this installation.

 

  

  

  

WC 2

WC 3

  WC 4  WC 5

6

80°

75°

70°

65°

60°

5

75°

70°

65°

60°

55°

4

70°

65°

60°

55°

3

65°

60°

55°

2

60°

55°

WC 6

55°

  

Handling

Safety

Inspection and testing should be carried out in accordance with BS 12056: 2000 and Building Regulations noting especially the details given in respect of air testing and the fact that smoke testing of plastics pipework should be avoided as the materials can be adversely affected.

PVCu pipes are strong, though lightweight and therefore very easily handled. However, reasonable care should be exercised while handling, particularly in extremely cold conditions. Pipes should preferably be loaded and unloaded by hand but if mechanical handling is used, protected slings are recommended.

The relevant regulations are outlined in the Health and Safety At Work Act 1974 and The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 and should be followed. Hazard sheets, dealing with the correct storage, use, and any hazards of working with solvent cement, silicone lubricant and fire protection products are available from Marley Plumbing & Drainage.

Air test The installation should be capable of withstanding an air test of positive pressure of at least 38mm water gauge for at least 3 minutes. During this time every trap should maintain a water seal of at least 25mm.

  

  

  

 



ANGLE OF MANIFOLD BRANCH WC 1

  

  

  

  

Inspection and testing

Maintenance Provided that the system is designed and installed correctly, no maintenance will be required. If blockage does occur, use only flexible or roller type rods. Pointed or bearing type metal fittings are not recommended. Tests have been carried out on PVCu pipes and fittings using equipment from specialist drain cleaning contractors and their standard equipment is suitable.

  Dimension (*) based on 230mm centre outlet WC pans and SM43W adjustable spigot bends cut to the angles shown.

  

  

  

1. Select the adjustable bend angle required

from the above diagram according to the WC position. Cut the bend with a hacksaw,  removing the unwanted portion.

  

  

2. File away any rough edges from the face of the fitting and wipe clean the bend and branch, with a dry cloth. Before jointing, the bend and branch should be checked for position and alignment, both parts being marked to ensure accurate assembly.

SM42/SM43

that the marked lines on the fitting coincide. Do not twist the two parts of the branch during this operation, but maintain steady pressure until the spigot of the bend comes to rest against the internal surface of the branch socket. Quickly wipe off any surplus solvent cement from the inside and outside of the completed joint and hold in position for approximately 15 seconds.

5. Trim the WC socket to suit the toilet pan spigot length and remove any swarf with a file. Place the seal in the socket, apply a uniform coat of solvent cement about 15mm wide to the outside of the socket and inside the retaining cap. Push onto the socket and wipe off any surplus solvent cement.

To accommodate varying dimensions between the WC spigot and the centre line of the horizontal pipe run, the adjustable spigot bend SM43 or extension pipe SM45 can be used with WC connector SM44.

In order to facilitate transport and storage, all the fittings are packed in cardboard boxes. Pipes are packed in bundles on pallets. SA323 cap and seal

SM42/SM43

Spigot and socket pipes should be stacked separately. However, where this is not possible, larger diameter pipes should be stacked with

Pipes should not be stacked more than 7 high and when stored in the open for long periods, or exposed to strong sunlight, they should be covered with an opaque sheet. Fittings supplied in cardboard boxes or polythene bags should be stored under cover and kept packed until required. Solvent cement should be stored in a cool place out of direct sunlight and away from any heat source.

Packing, storage and transportation specific to Marley dBlue SM41

SM41

Different size pipes should be stacked separately. However, where this is not possible, larger diameter pipes should be placed at the bottom.

sockets at alternate ends protruding to ensure pipes are evenly supported along their length.

   SM42/SM43      

SM42/SM43

4. Assemble the branch immediately, insuring

cement, to the short branch radial socket and to the external surface of the bend body.

Pipes should be stacked on a reasonably flat, level surface on timber battens not less than 75mm wide spaced at a maximum of 1m centres. Side support should also be provided at intervals of not more than 1.5m.

  

 

 

3. Apply a uniform coat of Marley solvent

SM41

  

  



  

  

 



  

Storage

  

SM42/SM43

Marley dBlue pipes and fittings must not be transported unpacked (in bulk) along with other construction materials to prevent damage during transportation. The pipes must be transported in a horizontal position.

Never throw, drag or bend pipes and fittings when unloading them. Pipes should be stored horizontally on even surfaces up to 1.5m high. All products should be protected against sunlight. Their outdoor storage time should not exceed 12 months.

During unloading they must be protected against damage, particularly at temperatures below freezing. 22 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 23

HDPE jointing methods Electrofusion

Jointing procedure 1. Cut the pipe square The pipe ends must be cut square to ensure that the heating element in the coupler is completely covered by the pipe or fitting.

 





7. Prevent misalignment

Butt-welding





 vertical  down when installed 8. Prevent coupler from sliding





Electrofusion, the most simple and rapid jointing technique, is mainly used on construction sites for a highly efficient method of assembly for pipes, fittings and prefabricated sections.

Electrofusion couplers The PE range includes couplers in the diameters 40 to 315 mm. The couplers are extremely suitable for applications in waste water and rainwater drainage, with the following features:

1. Injection molded with excellent dimensional accuracy and stability. 2. One welding indicator on each welding surface for checking both welding connections.

3. Centre stops easy to remove in order to use the coupler as a slideover coupler.

 This is to ensure that across the full welding zone the oxidised layer  will be removed.   ✔ 10 mm  2. Mark insertion depth + 10 mm

5. Yellow edge surrounding the welding indicators of the diameters

The insertion depth should be marked again to safeguard full insertion.



Electrofusion control box

Multiple welding



2x

9. Prevent load on vertical pipesystem





The following guidelines are of importance when making a proper butt-weld: ●● E stablish a work space where the jointing can be done without being effected by major weather conditions.



●● C  heck the equipment functions properly. Welding equipment used on site deserves special attention.



2x

●● T he fittings and or pipes need to be aligned in the welding machine. Mis-alignment can be up to 10% of the wall thickness.

KG

     

●● C  lean the heating element before each jointing operation with a lintfree cloth and suitable cleaner (see instructions welding machine). ●● Cut the pipe and/or fitting with a pipe cutter to make the end square.



4. Clean coupler Before assembling the pipes into the coupler ensure that all surfaces are clean and dry.



5. Insert pipe and/or fitting up to pipe stop

     

    

Ensure that the pipe is pushed as straight as possible into the fitting.

✔ The CB315 is capable of welding several electrofusion couplers simultaneously in the same time that is needed for producing one electrofusion weld. The combined diameters of the couplers to be joined should not exceed 200 mm. For example in the case of a 45° 75/50 mm tee, both the diameters 75 mm and the branch 50 mm can be welded at once.



Preparations

 3. Scrape pipe and mark insertion depth again 10 mm    The outer surface of the pipe (approx. 0.2 mm deep) must be scraped  10 mm for the full distance 10 mmthat will be covered by the coupler to remove any 10 mm  surface 'oxidation'.

200, 250 and 315 mm for better visibility.

The Akafusion control box CB315 can not only weld Akatherm electrofusion couplers in the diameter range 40 to 160 mm but also the diameters 200, 250 and 315 mm. The new techniques applied in the electronics (such as integrated circuit boards) and the case material make it a solid and reliable control box.

Butt-welding is a very economical and reliable jointing technique for KG making welded joints, requiring only butt-welding equipment. All Akatherm pipes and fittings can be joined by this welding method. Fittings for which a k-dimension is shown in the table can be shortened by not more than this amount. Butt-welding is extremely suitable for prefabricating pipe sections and for making special fittings.

10 mm

4. Resistance wires fixed to the surface for an optimal heat transfer and therefore a high quality welding connection.



KG

●● P ut the pipe parts into the welding machine to facilitate a firm hold during the jointing process. After connecting the cables of the control box the welding process 42 can be commenced by pushing the start button. The CB315 control box adapts the welding time to the ambient temperature. When it is colder than 20°C the welding time is extended and when the ambient 2x temperature exceeds 20°C the welding time is shortened. For welding  table below. times and cooling down time see The joint assembly should not be disturbed during the fusion cycle and KG for the specified cooling time afterwards. dimension d1



6. Prevent joint movement during welding



●● M  ake sure that once the pipe and/or fitting ends have been machined, they do not get dirty. Do not touch them with your hands. The surface needs to be clear of oil, grease and dirt.

system

weld time

cooling time

sec

min

40-160 Constant current 5A

mm

80

20

Constant voltage 220V

420

30

200-315



●● A  digital thermometer can be used to check the temperature of the heating plate. The temperature should be checked at several points around the plate and should be between 200ºC and 220ºC. Maximum deviation between points is given in the table.

Used surface of heating element for welding diameter d1

Δttot

d1 = 40-160 d1 = 200-315

8ºC 10ºC

Maximum temperature variation heating element

   10. Don't weld coupler twice 42



24 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

2x



MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 25

HDPE jointing methods Welding process

pressure N/mm2

The butt-welding of Akatherm HDPE operates according to the following steps:

Machining the surface Both sides should be machined until they run parallel. When the machining is finished, open the carriages (the plastic shavings must be continuous and uniform in both sides to weld). Take off the milling cutter. Verify the alignment between the machined surfaces. Remove the plastic shaving. Do not dirty or touch the machined surfaces.

(PE) HDPE

Heating up with less pressure

preheating pressure (F o)

welding pressure (F L)

0,15

HDPE is a good insulator, therefore at this stage it is necessary that the correct heating depth of the pipe ends is obtained. Only a small amount of pressure 0.01 N/mm2 is required to maintain the contact of the pipe ends with the heating element. The heat will gradually spread through the pipe/ fitting end. The size of the bead will increase a little. The time and pressure needed for this phase can be found in the table on the next page. heating pressure (F d)

0,01

heating time

building-up pressure time

preheating time

Machining the surface

changeover time

time

Obtaining correct heating depth

total welding time

Preheating under pressure Press the two ends to be jointed gradually to the heating element until a bead is created. The size of the bead is a good indication that the appropriate pressure and time is used. For pressure and bead size see the table on the next page.

height welding bead

Change over Remove the heating element from the jointing areas and immediately make those areas touch each other. Do not push the pipe ends abruptly onto each other. The removal of the heating element needs to be done quickly to prevent the pipe ends from cooling down. The times for changing over can be found in the table on the next page.

Preheating under pressure

total time welding process

Diameter d1

Wall thickness e

Preheating pressure / welding pressure (0,15 N/mm2)

mm

mm

FO/FL N

Fd N

mm

sec

sec

sec

min

Heating pressure (0,01 N/mm2)

Height welding bead

Heating time

Changeover time

Building-up pressure time

Cooling time

40

3.0

55

4

0.2

29

4

4

4

Welding and cooling

50

3.0

70

5

0.5

30

4

4

4

After the jointing areas have made contact they should be joined with a gradual increase in pressure up to the specified value. Keep the specified welding pressure at a constant level during the cooling period. Do not cool artificially.

56

3.0

75

5

0.5

30

4

4

4

63

3.0

85

6

0.5

31

4

4

4

75

3.0

105

7

0.5

32

5

5

4

90

3.5

145

10

0.5

35

5

5

4

110

4.2

210

14

0.5

42

5

5

6

125

4.8

275

18

1.0

48

5

5

6

160

6.2

450

30

1.0

62

6

6

9

110

3.4

175

12

0.5

35

5

5

4

125

3.9

225

15

0.5

39

5

5

5

160

4.9

370

25

1.0

49

5

5

7

200

6.2

570

38

1.0

62

6

6

9

250

7.8

900

60

1.5

77

6

6

11

315

9.7

1400

93

1.5

77

6

6

11

200

7.7

700

47

1.5

77

6

6

11

250

9.6

1090

73

1.5

97

7

7

13

315

12.1

1730

115

2.0

121

6

8

16

Welding and cooling The welded components can be removed from the machine when 50% of the cooling period has elapsed, providing that this is done carefully, with no load or strain being placed on the joint. The joint must then be left undisturbed for the remainder of the cooling period.

26 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

cooling time

Welding parameters Akatherm HDPE drainage

In this table the welding parameters can be found for Akatherm HDPE. The exact regulation of the welding machine depends on its mechanical resistance. The tables provided with the machine are to be used for regulating the machine.

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 27

HDPE jointing methods Evaluating the butt-weld joint The butt-weld can be evaluated using destructive and non destructive evaluation methods. For these evaluations special equipment has to be used. Butt-welds can easily be judged by a visual inspection making this the recommended method for a first evaluation. The shape of the welding bead is an indication for the proper operation of the welding process. Both welding beads should have the same shape and size. The width of the welding bead should approximately be 0.5 x the height. Differences between the beads can be caused by the difference in HDPE material used in the welded components. Despite the differences in welding bead the butt can be of sufficient strength.

Expansion joint

A plug-in joint is an easy to make, detachable and non pull-tight jointing method.

Expansion sockets can absorb length changes of pipes with a maximum length of 5 m.

Jointing process:

Jointing process:

Cut pipe square and remove burr

Cut pipe square and remove burr





Mark insertion depth

Mark insertion depth

When there is either insufficient heating up or too low welding pressure there are hardly any beads. In cases like this thick walled pipes often form shrinking cavities. The weld must be classified as "not acceptable".

Butt-weld (not acceptable)



In the next illustration a good weld is shown with a uniform welding bead. At a visual inspection this would be classified as an "acceptable" weld.

Butt-weld with even welding beads (acceptable)



Plug-in joint

In the next illustration a cross-section of a regular, round fusion bead, free of notches or sagging is shown. Special attention should be paid to the fact that the collar value 'K' is greater than 0.

Cross section of a good butt-weld



Mis-alignment between fittings and pipe can occur for several reasons. Oval pipe ends or irregular necking of the pipe can cause an incomplete fit. If this is less than 10% of the wall thickness the weld can still be clas- sified as "acceptable"(see next illustration).



✔ Plug in socket:

An expansion socket counteracts the variation in length caused by the thermal expansion and shrinkage of the pipe.

The pipe needs to be inserted in the plug in socket using the full insertion depth.

Butt-weld with mis-alignment of pipe (acceptable)



Depending on the ambient temperature the insertion depth varies. The right insertion depth for both 0°C and 20°C is indicated on the expansion socket.

A plug-in joint is not to be used to accommodate the expansion and contraction of a pipe system.

Chamfer pipe end

Chamfer pipe end

✔ The pipe-end needs to be chamfered under an angle of 15°. To get an even cut and chamfer a chamfering tool should be used.

The next illustration shows a joint with beads that are too big. The uniformity indicates a good joint preparation. Heat supply and jointing pressure settings, however, are too high. A purely visual assessment would still classify the weld as "acceptable".

✔ The pipe-end needs to be chamfered under an angle of 15°. To get an even cut and chamfer a chamfering tool should be used.

Butt-weld with big welding beads (acceptable)

✔ Make joint Lubricate the pipe end and insert the pipe up to the marked insertion depth.

28 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

Make joint Lubricate the pipe end and insert the pipe up to the marked insertion depth.

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 29

HDPE jointing methods Flange joint

HDPE installation Contraction sleeve

Tempered Pipe The Marley Akatherm HDPE pipe is tempered. This pipe is produced according to the standards EN 1519 and ISO 8770 but has undergone a heat treatment after extrusion. The result is less shrinkage when cooled down from high operational temperature. This gives less stress on joints resulting in a longer life for the pipe system.

For the installation of Akatherm PE pipe systems several bracketing systems can be used:

Anchor point bracket This method of bracketing is used for rigid installations. The expansion forces are transferred to the building structure.

Shrinkage according to EN 1519 (3%) Maximum shrinkage tempered Akatherm pipe (1%)

The flanged joint is a detachable joint not that common in soil and waste systems. It is the ideal jointing method to connect the system onto flanged equipment and to install valves. The joint can be made by the following steps: ●● Mount backing ring over pipe or fitting

Pipe length after production

●● Weld stub flange to fitting or pipe

Linear expansion

●● Apply seal ●● M  ount bolts, nuts and washers and tighten nuts with the bolt torque mentioned in the next table. d1 (mm)

Bolt torque (Nm)

40 50 56 63 75 90 110 125 160 200 250 315

20 30 35 35 40 40 40 40 60 70 80 100

A simple transition to other materials than HDPE can be made using the contraction sleeve. The sleeve provides a non pull-tight connection and is installed as follows: ●● Mark insertion depth on the connecting pipe.

Bolt torque for non-pressure applications

●● C  onnect contraction sleeve to HDPE pipe or fitting using electrofusion or butt fusion. ●● Mount the O-ring in the middle of the insertion zone. ●● H  eat up the contraction sleeve evenly with a torch or an industrial heater. Diameters above 125 mm are best heated up using a second heat source.

The Marley Akatherm HDPE material has a linear expansion coefficient of 0.13-0.19 mm/mK. We calculate with an expansion of 0.2 mm per meter pipe for every °C temperature difference. The total length variation can be calculated as follows: Δl = L x λ x Δt Δl = length change in mm

Support bracket fixed to building structure- brackets must be of sufficient strength to resist forces generated by thermal movement of the PE pipes

Electrofusion coupler either side of support bracket

Anchor bracket with 2 electrofusion couplers Art. Nr. 41xx95

Anchor bracket with expansion socket This method of installation is used for flexible installations where the expansion force is not transferred to the building structure. Only the force caused by the internal resistance of the expansion socket is transferred.

L = total length of pipe λ = linear expansion coefficient Δt = temperature difference in °C Example: Pipe 10 metres with a maximum temperature of 60°C and a minimum temperature of -20°C. This results in an expansion of: Δl =

10 x 0,2 x 80 = 160 mm

Length changes can be accommodated by the expansion socket which can take up the expansion and contraction of a 5 meter length of pipe for temperatures between -20°C and 70°C.

Support bracket fixed to building structure-brackets to be of sufficient strength to resist forces caused by the internal resistance of the expansion socket

Thermal movement of PE pipework

Anchor with expansion socket

Electrofusion The Marley Akatherm products can be welded by electrofusion unless stated differently in the product table. This is the preferred method of on-site jointing.

Butt welding and k-dimension

Guide bracket The guide bracket is used to support the pipe and to prevent the pipe from buckling sideways when in a rigid installation. The pipe can freely move in the bracket.

All Marley Akatherm products can be welded using this jointing method. Fittings can be shortened by up to the k-dimension (indicated in the specification guide), still allowing butt-welding on a standard butt-welding machine.

The sliding bracket is used to support the pipe and to prevent the pipe from buckling sideways (snaking). The pipe should be able to move freely in the bracket

Guide bracket

30 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 31

HDPE installation Bracket distance

Horizontal installation with expansion sockets and support trays

The bracket distances for Akatherm PE pipes are largely dependent on the working temperature of the pipe system. Also the filling rate of the pipe plays a role. A fully filled pipe has a different bracket distance.

Vertical installation: to the wall For the vertical installation the bracketing distance is in general 1,5 times the distance of the horizontal bracketing. There is no separate bracketing distance for immediately in front of the expansion socket because there is no sagging of the pipe and the insertion is always in line.

In this kind of installation the pipe is extra supported by support trays. The distance between the brackets can be larger. The support shells are installed on to the pipe with straps. For distances see table below.

Horizontal pipework with support tray Vertical installation

GB= guide bracket

LA= bracket distance

FP= fixed point

LA*= bracket distance for expansion unit

B= tray band

LBA = spacing for bands

GB = guide bracket FP = fixed point LV = vertical support distance

LA

LA*

LBA

75 90 110 125 160 200 250 315

1.2 m 1.4 m 1.7 m 1.9 m 2.4 m 3.0 m 3.0 m 3.0 m

0.6 m

0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m

0.7 m 0.9 m 1.0 m 1.2 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m

Bracket distances horizontal installation with expansion sockets and support trays

Bracket distances for vertical and horizontal PE pipe systems with standard filling

d1

LV

50 56 63 75 90 110 125 160 200 250 315

1.0 m 1.0 m 1.0 m 1.2 m 1.4 m 1.7 m 1.9 m 2.4 m 3.0 m 3.0 m 3.0 m

Bracket distances vertical installation with expansion sockets

Horizontal installation with expansion sockets without support trays The bracket directly in front of the expansion socket has a shorter bracket distance (LA*) This makes a better guidance into the expansion socket possible (see image). The bracketing distances for this application can be found in table below. The maximum distance between 2 expansion sockets is 5 m.

d1

d1

LA

LA*

75 90 110 125 160 200 250 315

0.8 m 0.9 m 1.1 m 1.3 m 1.6 m 2.0 m 2.0 m 2.0 m

0.4 m 0.5 m 0.6 m 0.7 m 0.8 m 1.0 m 1.0 m 1.0 m

Bracket distances horizontal installation with expansion sockets

32 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 33

HDPE expansion socket insertion depths

HDPE handling and storage Fittings

75mm Expansion Socket (S420720)*

40mm Expansion Socket (S400420)

Pipes The high impact strength of Akatherm HDPE provides some protection against damage but care should be taken at all stages of handling, transportation and storage.

200mm Expansion Socket (S402020) Without Protection Plug 90mm Expansion Socket (S420920)*

50mm Expansion Socket (S400520)

Pipe must be transported by a suitable vehicle and properly loaded and unloaded, e.g. wherever possible moved by hand or mechanical lifting equipment. It must not be dragged across the ground. The storage should be flat, level and free from sharp stones.

Bundles Bundled packs of pipe should be stored on clear, level ground with the battens supported from the outside by timber or concrete blocks. For safety, bundled packs should not be stacked more than three high. Smaller pipes may be nested inside larger pipes. Side bracing should be provided to prevent stack collapse. 110mm Expansion Socket (S421120)*

Storage of loose pipes

The fittings and electrofusion couplers need to be stored at a dry place. To prevent oxidation and contamination it is recommended to leave the fittings in their original packaging as long as possible.

56mm Expansion Socket (S405620)

Similar precautions should be taken with fittings and these should be kept packaged until required for use.

Storage of bundles

250mm Expansion Socket (S402520) Without Protection Plug

Tools Tools need to be protected against moisture.

Health and safety at work act and COSHH regulations Attention is drawn to the requirement in the UK of this act and to the 1988 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations. Marley cannot accept responsibility for accidents arising from the misuse of its products because of bad installation or incorrect application. Handling of HDPE has no detrimental health impact. It is recommended, however, that HDPE is not ingested or dust inhaled.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) When welding HDPE, molten material is formed, which can cause burns to skin. Appropriated PPE should be worn.

Physical contact

125mm Expansion Socket (S421220)*

HDPE is not considered to be a skin irritant. Where HDPE dust is generated by cutting of machining pipe of fittings, powder particles of HDPE dust may cause eye irritation by abrasion.

63mm Expansion Socket (S400620) Butt Weld Only

Behaviour in Fire HDPE is a flammable material. It has, however, been installed throughout Europe for over 35 years and presents no greater risk of fire propogation than similar plastic based systems when installed in accordance with local regulations. Marley Unicollar firecollars are suitable for use with Akatherm HDPE (up to 200mm) and these should be installed in accordance with the instructions provided.

160mm Expansion Socket (S421620)*

315mm Expansion Socket (S403120) Without Protection Plug

* Insertion depth and expansion details indicated on fitting

Lengths HDPE Expansion Details Diameter

Total Length

Min. Insertion Depth @ 20°C

Max. Expansion

40mm 50mm 56mm 63mm 75mm 90mm 110mm 125mm 160mm 200mm 250mm 315mm

132mm 132mm 132mm 132mm – – – – – 230mm 250mm 270mm

76mm 76mm 76mm 76mm On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting 120mm 125mm 126mm

56mm 56mm 56mm 56mm On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting On Fitting 110mm 125mm 144mm

34 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

Type A

Type B

(No White Retaining Ring)

(With White Retaining Ring)

Type B Type B Type B Type B

Pipe lengths stored individually should be stacked in a pyramid not more that one metre high, with the bottom layer fully restrained by wedges. Where possible, the bottom layer of pipes should be laid on timber battens at one-metre centres. On site, pipes may be laid out individually in strings (where appropriate, protective barriers should be placed with adequate warning signs and lamps).

Type A Type A Type A Type A Type A Type A Type A Type A MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 35

Standards

Marley system solutions

British & European Standards BS EN 1329-1: 2014 Plastics piping systems for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) within the building structure – PVCu. BS EN 1451-1: 2000 Plastics piping systems for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) within the building structure – polypropylene. BS EN 1519-1: 2000 Plastics piping systems for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) within the building structure – polyethylene. BS 4514: 2001 Specification for PVCu soil and ventilating pipes, fittings and accessories.

BS EN 1566-1: 2000 Specification for thermoplastics waste pipe and fittings.

BS EN 14680: 2006 Specification for adhesives for non-pressure thermoplastics pipe systems.

BS 5255: 1989 Specification for thermoplastics waste pipe and fittings.

BS EN 681-1: 1996 Elastomeric seals. Material requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage applications. Part 1 vulcanised rubber.

BS EN 1455-1: 2000 Plastics piping systems for soil and waste (low and high temperature) within the building structure – ABS. BS 5627: 1984 Specification for plastics connectors for use with horizontal outlet vitreous china WC pans.

BS EN ISO 9001: 2008 Quality systems. Model for Quality Assurance in Design, Development, Production, Installation and Servicing. BS EN ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental management systems. Requirements with guidance for use.

Marley HDPE Marley Akatherm HDPE is a drainage system which offers an alternative solution to cast iron. It is particularly suited for commercial applications or where a product with high impact or abrasion resistance is required, such as hospitals, hotels, schools, as well as residential buildings. HDPE will also cope with temperature variations of -40°C to 100°C making it ideal for external as well as internal installations.

Marley dBlue An acoustic soil and waste range with a triple layered pipe providing quick, hygienic removal of sanitary waste water. The noise generated by the flow of water is dramatically reduced – making it perfect for multi-occupancy apartment blocks and high specification developments.

Marley waste systems A wide range of PVC-u, ABS and polypropylene waste ranges from 32mm to 50mm and in a variety of colours. Available with polypropylene solvent weld and push fit jointing.

Marley rainwater Five gutter profiles and three downpipe options provide a rainwater solution for any application. Advanced Life4 technology on four of the key profiles, coupled with the benefits of the Easyclip and notching capability combine to make the Marley rainwater range the most comprehensive available.

Marley underground systems The Marley Plumbing & Drainage range of underground systems include the solid wall range, predominately for round the house drainage and Quantum structured wall range for sewer and highway drainage applications.

Marley sustainable drainage The Waterloc250 cell is ideal for use in either an underground infiltration or attenuation system. 96% of the cell volume is available to store water, minimising the extent of excavation required for the installation. The range includes Flowloc, a vortex control device, which controls the rate at which water is discharged to a surface water drain or water course.

Marley Equator Equator is ideal for hot & cold water or central heating installations. A tamperproof fitting with a unique grip release mechanism ensuring that the system can only be disassembled through the use of a special de-mounting tool. Equator has been designed to meet the requirements of BS 7291: Parts 1 & 3; Class S. The complete Equator system is backed by a 30 year guarantee.

Alutec Alutec offer modern and traditional aluminium rainwater profiles, providing solutions for any type of building. Aluminium has high visual appeal and durability, lasting for 50 years or more. The product portfolio includes Evolve; easy to install, low cost gutter systems in four profiles. The rainwater ranges are complemented by aluminium soffit and fascia systems and roof & floor outlets.

Multikwik The Multikwik brand is known and trusted by plumbers for its sanitary frames, cisterns, traps, compression waste systems and market leading range of pan connectors. Complementing the Marley range it provides an excellent solution to modern bathroom design with a wide choice of product options.

Accreditations D TIFIE TO W ER

ON

C

36 | MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems

ECIFICAT SP I

Certificate No. 06/4325

Y

ER INDUSTR AT

BS EN 1329-1 : 2000 BS 4514 : 2001 BS EN 1566-1: 2000 BS 5255: 1989 BS EN 1455-1: 2000 BS EN 1451-1: 2000 BS EN 1519-1: 2000

BS EN ISO 9001: 2008 BS EN ISO 14001: 2004

MARLEY Soil & Waste Systems | 37

Notes

Notes

marley.co.uk For general enquiries and details of your nearest stockist please call the customer services department: Tel: 01622 852585 email: [email protected] To place an order For delivery to England & Wales Email: [email protected] Fax: 01622 851111 For delivery to Scotland Email: [email protected] Fax: 01698 810307 For all estimate requests Email: [email protected] For Technical advice please call 01622 852695

Head Office Lenham, Maidstone Kent ME17 2DE Tel: 01622 858888 Fax: 01622 858725 Scotland Birkenshaw Industrial Estate Uddingston, Glasgow G71 5PA Tel: 01698 815231 Fax: 01698 810307 Export Division Lenham, Maidstone Kent ME17 2DE England Tel: +44 (0)1622 858888 Fax: +44 (0)1622 850778

April 2014